The Montreal Métro
City of Montreal, Québec, Canada|
Société de Transport de Montréal
|Locale||Montréal, Laval, Longueuil|
|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||4|
|Number of stations||68|
|Daily ridership||1,111,700 (per weekday 2011)|
|Chief executive||Dominique Lemay|
|Headquarters||800, de la Gauchetière Ouest, Montréal, Québec|
|Began operation||October 14, 1966|
|Operator(s)||Société de Transport de Montréal(STM)|
|Number of vehicles||759|
|System length||69.2 km (43.00 mi)|
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||72 km/h (45 mph)|
The Montréal Métro is a rubber-tired metro system, and the main form of public transportation underground in the city of Montréal, Québec.
The Métro, operated by the Société de Transport de Montréal (STM), was inaugurated on October 14, 1966, during the tenure of Mayor Jean Drapeau. Originally consisting of 26 metro stations on three separate lines, the Metro now incorporates 68 stations on four lines measuring 69.2 km (43.00 mi) in length, serving the north, east, and centre of the Island of Montréal with connections to Longueuil, via the Line-4 Yellow (Montreal Métro), and Laval, via the Line-2 Orange (Montreal Métro).
The Métro system is currently Canada's busiest subway system in total daily passenger usage, serving an average of 1,050,800 daily passengers on an average weekday (as of Q1 2010). In 2008, 291.6 million riders (transfers not included) used the Metro. According to the STM website the metro system has transported over 6 billion passengers as of 2006, roughly equivalent to the world's population. Montréal has built one of North America's largest urban rapid transit schemes, serving the third-largest number of passengers overall behind New York and Mexico City, and attracting the second-highest ridership per capita behind New York.
The Montréal Métro was inspired by the Paris Métro and in turn is also the inspiration for the Lyon Métro and Marseille Métro, as well as the Mexico City Metro, all constructed a few years later, and all which also share the same rubber-wheel car design.
Urban transit first came in 1861 where a first line of horse-drawn cars started to operate on St. James St. (now St-Jacques). Eventually, as Montreal grew, a comprehensive network of streetcar lines provided service almost everywhere. But urban congestion started to take its toll on streetcar punctuality, so the idea of a subway was soon considered.
Starting in 1910, where a first proposal was tabled, the Montréal subway would prove to be an elusive goal of the Montréal Tramways Company, and following municipalization, of the Montréal Transportation Commission.
The first subway proposal, dated 1910, was for a single line running underneath De Bleury Street and Avenue du Parc from Craig Street (now Rue Saint-Antoine) all the way to Avenue Mont-Royal. The line was to run underground from Craig to Avenue des Pins. An eventual expansion up Boulevard St-Laurent to De Montigny was also contemplated at the time.
In 1944, the Montreal Tramways company proposed a 2-line network, running underneath Rue Sainte-Catherine from Square Cabot (Rue Atwater) to Avenue Papineau, and a second line under Rue Saint-Denis (from Rue Jean-Talon to Rue Notre-Dame), then turning westwards under Notre-Dame and Saint Jacques Street all the way to Guy Street, then turning north and connecting with the other line at Guy.
Proposed extensions were to run northward under De Lorimier up to Beaubien, eastward from De Lorimier to Viau under Rue Ontario, northward Chemin Côte-des-Neiges and Queen-Mary to Snowdon (Décarie), westward under Sherbrooke to Girouard, and southwards under Wellington, Centre and Verdun to 1ère Avenue in Verdun.
In 1953 the newly formed Montreal Transportation Commission proposed a single line, running under Rue Sainte Catherine from Rue Atwater towards Rue Peel where the line would have turned south, going underneath Dorchester Square all the way down to Rue Saint-Jacques, which it followed to Rue Saint-Denis. Then, it would have gone north all the way to Boulevard Crémazie, right by the Place D'Youville maintenance shops.
Proposed extensions were to run northwest under Sherbrooke, Girouard & Décarie to De L’Église, in St-Laurent, northeast under D’Iberville and Jean-Talon to Pie-IX and eastward under Ontario street to Viau.
In 1963 the last proposal was the closest to what was to be built. The major difference with the built initial network was that there was no line to Longueuil, line 2 extended northward only to Crémazie instead of Henri-Bourassa, and that the Canadian National commuter train lines to Cartierville and Montréal-Nord would be integrated into the system. Negotiations with CN did not work out, and line 3 was left unbuilt. However, a line numbered 4 was built to Longueuil, on the south shore, to serve Île Sainte-Hélène, site of Expo 67.
Proposed extensions were to run northwest under Sherbrooke, Girouard & Décarie to De L’Église, in St-Laurent, northeast under d’Iberville to Crémazie and eastward under Ontario street to Viau.
The 1960s were very optimistic years. Metro planning did not avoid the general exuberance of those years, and a 1967 study even proposed 6 additional lines that would bring the 25km of Métro lines of 1967 to 112km for 1982.
Formerly planned lines/extensions
The Orange and Blue lines, however, were not planned to end where they eventually did in 1990. The Orange Line was originally meant to have two or three more stations beyond Côte-Vertu; however, priority funding was given to complete the current Blue Line. The plans for Deguire/Poirier, Bois-Franc, and Salaberry stations were scrubbed. The Blue Line itself was shortened due to funding issues. It was originally projected to have stops west of Snowdon (Côte Saint-Luc, Montréal-Ouest, Lafleur) and east of Saint-Michel (Pie-IX, Viau, Lacordaire, Langelier, Galeries d'Anjou).
An entire Métro line in initial planning was also scrubbed, the so-called Line 7/Pie IX - Saint-Leonard/White Line, also due to the same funding issues. Proposed for the first time by the Bureau des Transports de Montréal (BTM) in September 1983, the original project for a new north-south line (Line 7, the number 6 being reserved for another surface metro line proposed by the Ministère des Transports du Québec (MTQ)) would have had 10 stations (from Pie-IX Métro to Léger street), which then got formally proposed by the Greater Montreal Area at the start of 1984, this time having 12 stations (from Pie-IX Métro to Maurice-Duplessis/Langelier)
- On July 22, 2007, the mayor of Laval, Gilles Vaillancourt, with the ridership success of the current Laval extension, announced his wish to loop the Orange line from Montmorency to Côte-Vertu stations with the addition of six (or seven) new stations (three in Laval and another three in Montreal). He proposed that Transports Quebec, the provincial transport department, set aside $100 million annually to fund the project, which is expected to cost upwards of $1.5 billion.
- In May of 2011, the city of Laval, Quebec released it's plans for the next 30 years called "evolucite".The mayor (Gilles Vaillancourt) wants to promote sustainability, reduce environmental impact, and increase the use of public transportation. The plans called for an extension of the West and East Line 2 - Orange to complete a circle with 1 station branching out from the west part of the line to Carrefour Laval. This would mean another 2 to 3 stations in Montreal in order for the west side of the Orange line to reach Laval. All studies have been done and are awaiting funding. The stations would be the following
West Line 2 - Orange
1- Carrefour (Daniel-Johnson / Le Carrefour) 2- St-Martin (St-Martin Ouest / Chomedey) 3- Notre-Dame (Notre-Dame / Curé-Labelle) 4- Lévesque (Lévesque / Chomedey) 5- Gouin ( Gouin / Grenet) 6- Bois-Franc ( Henri-Bourassa / Marcel-Laurin) 7- Poirier (Poirier / Grenet)
East Line 2 - Orange
39- De l'Agora (Armand-Frappier et Du Souvenir) 40- St-Martin (St-Martin Ouest / Chomedey)
|Thumbnail||Trailer Cars||Motor Cars||Year||Lines Served|
|Canadian Vickers MR-63|
|80-001 to 80-123||81-501 to 81-746||1965-1967|
|78-001 to 78-141||79-501 to 79-782||1976-1980|
|Bombardier/Alstom Azur (MPM-10)|
|10-011 to 10-529||2014-2018||Not Entered Service|
|Line #||Color||# of Stations||Interchangeable||Length||Start Year||Finish Year||Remarks|
|Line #||Color||# of Stations
|3||Red||9 to 17||
The Métro is for Montreal what the boulevards are for Paris or the canals for Venice. -Jean-Claude Germain